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Study - Rule of law and human rights in Cuba and Venezuela and EU engagement - 11-12-2018

The European Parliament (EP) has consistently followed the situation in Cuba and Venezuela. It has expressed its support for defenders of human rights and democracy with the award of the Sakharov prize to Cuban activists on three occasions (2002, 2005, 2010)
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Study - Rule of law and human rights in Cuba and Venezuela and EU engagement - 11-12-2018

The European Parliament (EP) has consistently followed the situation in Cuba and Venezuela. It has expressed its support for defenders of human rights and democracy with the award of the Sakharov prize to Cuban activists on three occasions (2002, 2005, 2010), and to Venezuela’s Democratic Opposition in 2017. In line with this engagement, a workshop on human rights and rule of law in both countries was held on 6 September 2018, in Brussels, at the request of the EP’s Subcommittee on Human Rights (DROI). Dr. Par Engstrom (University College London) presented the first draft of an independent study analysing the main human rights developments in Cuba and Venezuela since 2014 and the EU’s response. The paper, which focused specifically on the Sakharov laureates, was discussed with Members and other experts, including from the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the European External Action Service and the European Commission. During the lively discussion, there was broad agreement with the description of major trends in the human rights situation in the two countries. Critical comments and controversial issues related to the impact of the government’s repression of the Venezuelan opposition, the need to consider not only civil and political but also economic and social rights, the effectiveness of sanctions against Venezuela and the potential role of the Sakharov Prize. Observations and comments made during the workshop fed into the final version of the study, which is also included in this report. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

At a Glance - Agreement on EU general budget for 2019 - 11-12-2018

After the failure of budgetary conciliation, the European Commission put forward a new draft budget for 2019. Based on the second draft budget and subsequent negotiations, the European Parliament and Council have agreed the General Budget for the European Uni
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

At a Glance - Agreement on EU general budget for 2019 - 11-12-2018

After the failure of budgetary conciliation, the European Commission put forward a new draft budget for 2019. Based on the second draft budget and subsequent negotiations, the European Parliament and Council have agreed the General Budget for the European Union for 2019, at a level of €165 795.6 million in commitments and €148 198.9 million in payment appropriations. This means an increase of 3.2 % in commitments and 2.4 % in payments as compared to 2018 budget. The Parliament has scheduled the adoption of the agreement for the December 2018 plenary. Adoption of this agreement means, once signed by the Parliament’s President, that the EU will be equipped with a budget as from 1 January 2019. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

At a Glance - Mobilisation of the EU Solidarity Fund: Payment of advances in the 2019 budget - 11-12-2018

The European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) supports EU Member States struck by natural disasters, through providing financial assistance to contribute to a rapid return to normal conditions. A budgetary proposal to mobilise the EUSF in order to have advance pa
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

At a Glance - Mobilisation of the EU Solidarity Fund: Payment of advances in the 2019 budget - 11-12-2018

The European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) supports EU Member States struck by natural disasters, through providing financial assistance to contribute to a rapid return to normal conditions. A budgetary proposal to mobilise the EUSF in order to have advance payments available for affected countries in the 2019 budget, is scheduled to be voted during the December plenary session, together with the 2019 EU general budget. The proposed amount to be mobilised is €50 million. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

Senators to try formally condemning Saudi crown prince for journalist’s killing

Sen. Bob Corker (R-Tenn.) said the measure, while nonbinding, would still send a strong statement — especially for Republicans — that despite Trump’s denials, they hold Mohammed bin Salman responsible for Jamal Khashoggi’s death.
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Senators to try formally condemning Saudi crown prince for journalist’s killing

Sen. Bob Corker (R-Tenn.) said the measure, while nonbinding, would still send a strong statement — especially for Republicans — that despite Trump’s denials, they hold Mohammed bin Salman responsible for Jamal Khashoggi’s death.

‘There was no Plan B’: Trump scrambles to find chief of staff after top candidate turns him down

The position has proved to be a particularly thankless task in this White House, and the two people to hold the job have been left with their reputations diminished.
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‘There was no Plan B’: Trump scrambles to find chief of staff after top candidate turns him down

The position has proved to be a particularly thankless task in this White House, and the two people to hold the job have been left with their reputations diminished.

Briefing - Non-formal learning: Access and validation - 10-12-2018

Learning happens in different contexts, over the course of a lifetime, following various possible educational paths, as shown in Figure 1. In adult life, learning ranges from programmes that impart basic skills, learning groups engaged in raising awareness o
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Briefing - Non-formal learning: Access and validation - 10-12-2018

Learning happens in different contexts, over the course of a lifetime, following various possible educational paths, as shown in Figure 1. In adult life, learning ranges from programmes that impart basic skills, learning groups engaged in raising awareness on various issues, mature students at university, open and distance learning, on-the-job training, courses that combine theory with practice, and classes or other learning activities taken in pursuit of a special interest. This infographic explains the modalities that non-formal learning takes across Member States. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

At a Glance - Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - December 2018 - 10-12-2018

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP
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At a Glance - Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - December 2018 - 10-12-2018

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

Supreme Court declines to review rulings that blocked efforts to end Planned Parenthood funding

The decision leaves in place lower court rulings that Medicaid recipients who receive services from Planned Parenthood can challenge a state’s decision to cut off public funding.
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Supreme Court declines to review rulings that blocked efforts to end Planned Parenthood funding

The decision leaves in place lower court rulings that Medicaid recipients who receive services from Planned Parenthood can challenge a state’s decision to cut off public funding.

Alleged Russian agent Maria Butina poised to plead guilty in case involving Kremlin attempts to influence NRA

Butina was accused of working to push the Kremlin’s agenda by forming bonds with National Rifle Association officials and other conservative leaders and making outreach to 2016 presidential candidates.
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Alleged Russian agent Maria Butina poised to plead guilty in case involving Kremlin attempts to influence NRA

Butina was accused of working to push the Kremlin’s agenda by forming bonds with National Rifle Association officials and other conservative leaders and making outreach to 2016 presidential candidates.

Nick Ayers, Trump’s once-likely replacement for chief of staff John Kelly, won’t take the job

Ayers, who is currently Vice President Pence’s chief of staff, announced in a tweet Sunday evening that he will leave the White House at the end of the year.
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Nick Ayers, Trump’s once-likely replacement for chief of staff John Kelly, won’t take the job

Ayers, who is currently Vice President Pence’s chief of staff, announced in a tweet Sunday evening that he will leave the White House at the end of the year.

Kudlow: Trump didn’t know about Huawei executive’s arrest before dining with Chinese leader

The White House economic adviser also denied that Trump was livid on learning that Meng Wanzhou was arrested in Canada on a U.S. extradition warrant.
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Kudlow: Trump didn’t know about Huawei executive’s arrest before dining with Chinese leader

The White House economic adviser also denied that Trump was livid on learning that Meng Wanzhou was arrested in Canada on a U.S. extradition warrant.

‘Siege warfare’: Republican anxiety spikes as Trump faces growing legal and political perils

The White House is adopting a ‘shrugged shoulders’ strategy to Mueller’s Russia probe, calculating that GOP base voters will believe whatever the president tells them to believe.
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‘Siege warfare’: Republican anxiety spikes as Trump faces growing legal and political perils

The White House is adopting a ‘shrugged shoulders’ strategy to Mueller’s Russia probe, calculating that GOP base voters will believe whatever the president tells them to believe.

Briefing - Brexit: The endgame? [What Think Tanks are thinking] - 07-12-2018

Prime Minister Theresa May faces an uphill struggle to convince the British House of Commons to back the agreement she has reached with the EU-27 on UK withdrawal from the European Union, in a crucial vote set for 11 December. Although the deal was approved b
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Briefing - Brexit: The endgame? [What Think Tanks are thinking] - 07-12-2018

Prime Minister Theresa May faces an uphill struggle to convince the British House of Commons to back the agreement she has reached with the EU-27 on UK withdrawal from the European Union, in a crucial vote set for 11 December. Although the deal was approved by her Cabinet and all EU leaders, the divorce terms have been criticised by many Members of Parliament, both advocates of a no-deal departure from the Union and those who would like the United Kingdom to remain within th Union or have the closest possible ties with it from outside. In a parallel development, an Advocate General of the Court of Justice of the European Union has issued an opinion that the UK may unilateraly withdraw its notification of intent to leave the EU, although its departure date is currently set for 29 March 2019. The Court is due to issue its ruling on 10 December; in the past, the Court has followed its advocate-generals’ opinions in most cases. This note offers links to reports and commentaries from some major international think-tanks and research institutes on Brexit negotiations and related issues. More reports on the topic can be found in a previous edition of ‘What Think Tanks are thinking’, published in October 2018. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

Briefing - Interim digital services tax on revenues from certain digital services - 07-12-2018

According to the European Commission the digital economy is relatively under-taxed when compared with traditional businesses. Certain inherent characteristics such as reliance on cross-border provision of services without physical presence, easy transfers of
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Briefing - Interim digital services tax on revenues from certain digital services - 07-12-2018

According to the European Commission the digital economy is relatively under-taxed when compared with traditional businesses. Certain inherent characteristics such as reliance on cross-border provision of services without physical presence, easy transfers of intangible assets, and novel ways to create value make it particularly easy for enterprises to limit their tax liabilities. In order to provide a solution to this problem, in March 2018 the Commission adopted the 'fair taxation of the digital economy' package, comprised of two proposals. One concerns a permanent reform of corporate tax regime while the second is a proposal for a directive on the common system of a digital services tax on revenues resulting from the provision of certain digital services, which would apply as an interim measure until the permanent reform has been implemented. The tax is to cover businesses above two thresholds: total annual worldwide revenues exceeding €750 million and annual revenues in the EU exceeding €50 million. The proposed single rate is at 3 %, levied on gross revenues resulting from the provision of certain digital services where user value creation is essential. Parliament’s Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) adopted a report proposing to widen the scope and reach of the tax. The plenary vote is expected during the December session. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

Briefing - Corporate taxation of a significant digital presence - 07-12-2018

Despite achieving unprecedented growth and profit rates, the digital economy seems to be relatively undertaxed when compared to more traditional 'bricks and mortar' companies. The current rules are based on the physical presence of taxpayers and assets, and t
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

Briefing - Corporate taxation of a significant digital presence - 07-12-2018

Despite achieving unprecedented growth and profit rates, the digital economy seems to be relatively undertaxed when compared to more traditional 'bricks and mortar' companies. The current rules are based on the physical presence of taxpayers and assets, and there is a general understanding that they are not suited to taxing a digital economy characterised by reliance on intangible assets and ubiquitous services whose location is often hard to determine. International bodies are currently working on how to adapt tax rules to the digital reality. The European Commission adopted a proposal in March 2018. It would allow taxation on the basis of digital rather than physical presence linked with the EU, for digital activities generating turnover of over €7 million, and with more than 100 000 users or 3 000 business-to-business contracts annually. The proposal has met with mixed reactions from stakeholders. Although there is growing recognition that digital companies should pay similar tax rates to traditional companies, some consider the initiative to be premature given the ongoing search for a compromise at the level of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), which is thought of as the permanent solution. The report by Parliament’s Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) proposes to widen the scope and reach of the tax, and increase clarity for tax authorities and companies. The plenary vote on the report is expected during the December session. Second edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

At a Glance - Argentina: Economic indicators and trade with EU - 07-12-2018

In 2017, Argentina’s economy continued its gradual recovery from major macroeconomic imbalances with a GDP per capita growth rate of 2.9% thanks to austerity measures and a comprehensive reform agenda. However, inflation at 25.7% and unemployment at 8.5% re
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

At a Glance - Argentina: Economic indicators and trade with EU - 07-12-2018

In 2017, Argentina’s economy continued its gradual recovery from major macroeconomic imbalances with a GDP per capita growth rate of 2.9% thanks to austerity measures and a comprehensive reform agenda. However, inflation at 25.7% and unemployment at 8.5% remained high. Whereas economic fundamentals were slowly improving and the country’s political context remained stable after president Mauricio Macri made political gains at the mid-term legislative elections in October 2017, a crisis of confidence hit the economy in spring 2018. The crisis exposed vulnerabilities resulting from Argentina’s fiscal and current account deficit and large foreign-denominated debt. As the peso continued its downward trend in autumn 2018, although Argentina secured an IMF US$50 billion credit line and committed to new austerity measures, the economic context is likely to harden ahead of the 2019 presidential elections. With a share of 16.2% of Argentina’s overall trade, the EU is the country’s second largest trading partner after Brazil that accounts for 21.9%. In 2017, EU exports to Argentina increased to almost €10 billion, while EU imports slightly decreased to more than €8 billion. Total imports of primary products from Argentina declined and those of manufactures, notably chemicals, grew. EU exports of both primary products and manufactures, particularly machinery and appliances as well as transport equipment, increased. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

‘Pop-up’ super PACs spent millions on the 2018 election without disclosing donors, FEC filings show

New filings show more than a dozen super PACs launched or paid for political ads in a way that allowed them to withhold who was spending money to influence voters until after the November elections.
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‘Pop-up’ super PACs spent millions on the 2018 election without disclosing donors, FEC filings show

New filings show more than a dozen super PACs launched or paid for political ads in a way that allowed them to withhold who was spending money to influence voters until after the November elections.

Democrat Dan McCready withdraws his concession in North Carolina congressional race roiled by accusations of fraud

In an interview with TV station WSOC, McCready also called on Republican rival Mark Harris “to tell the American people exactly what he knew and when he knew it.”
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Democrat Dan McCready withdraws his concession in North Carolina congressional race roiled by accusations of fraud

In an interview with TV station WSOC, McCready also called on Republican rival Mark Harris “to tell the American people exactly what he knew and when he knew it.”

Study - Research for PECH Committee - Fisheries in Vietnam - 30-11-2018

Vietnam is located in Southeast Asia on the eastern Indochina Peninsula, with a population just over 93.6 million, it is the eighth-most-populous Asian country. There are four main fishing areas in Vietnam: the Gulf of Tonkin, shared with China; the Central a
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

Study - Research for PECH Committee - Fisheries in Vietnam - 30-11-2018

Vietnam is located in Southeast Asia on the eastern Indochina Peninsula, with a population just over 93.6 million, it is the eighth-most-populous Asian country. There are four main fishing areas in Vietnam: the Gulf of Tonkin, shared with China; the Central area; the South-eastern area; and the South-western area (part of the Gulf of Thailand), shared with Cambodia and Thailand. According to the 2016 report of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), Vietnam is the third largest seafood exporter worldwide after China and Norway before Thailand and India. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

Study - Quality Differences in Consumer Products In the EU Legislation - 30-11-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, deals with so called dual quality products, that is goods (food products, detergents, cosmetics,
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Study - Quality Differences in Consumer Products In the EU Legislation - 30-11-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, deals with so called dual quality products, that is goods (food products, detergents, cosmetics, toiletries and products intended for babies, etc.) marketed on the Single Market under the same brand or trademark but with differences in content, composition or quality in individual EU Member States. The issue of dual quality products is one of the recent issues that the EU has only begun to focus on in recent years. Initially, it was rather an individual initiative of the individual MEPs, subsequently the European Parliament as a whole and the European Commission began to deal with it. The European Commission issued several legal standards that initially interpreted the existing legal regulation, later directly identified dual quality as an unfair commercial practice. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

Briefing - International Agreements in Progress: The EU-Japan Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA) - A framework to promote shared values - 06-12-2018

The EU and Japan share the same basic values, including on democracy, market economy, human rights, human dignity, freedom, equality, and the rule of law. Against a background of increasingly assertive neighbours, they are also putting emphasis on security is
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

Briefing - International Agreements in Progress: The EU-Japan Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA) - A framework to promote shared values - 06-12-2018

The EU and Japan share the same basic values, including on democracy, market economy, human rights, human dignity, freedom, equality, and the rule of law. Against a background of increasingly assertive neighbours, they are also putting emphasis on security issues. The EU has adopted a Global Strategy placing security and defence as a key strategic priority, and conclusions on 'enhanced EU security cooperation in and with Asia'. Japan has reformed its security policy, aiming at becoming a 'proactive contributor for peace'. In order to enhance their relations, in July 2018 the EU and Japan signed a binding Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA), along with an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA), negotiated in parallel. The SPA represents a framework strengthening the overall partnership, by promoting political and sectoral cooperation and joint actions in more than 40 areas of common interest. Once adopted, the EU-Japan strategic partnership will become more operational. The agreement will facilitate joint EU-Japan efforts to promote shared values such as human rights and rule of law, a rules-based international system, and peace and stability across the world. It will allow EU-Japan security cooperation to reach its full potential. First edition. The 'International Agreements in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the process, from initial discussions through to ratification. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

At a Glance - Monetary policy implications of transitory versus permanently subdued growth prospects - 30-11-2018

This note, provided by Policy department A, gives an overview of in-depth analyses prepared for the Monetary Dialogue which took place on 26 November 2018. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP
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At a Glance - Monetary policy implications of transitory versus permanently subdued growth prospects - 30-11-2018

This note, provided by Policy department A, gives an overview of in-depth analyses prepared for the Monetary Dialogue which took place on 26 November 2018. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

At a Glance - Report of the Special Committee on Terrorism - 05-12-2018

In 2017, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Terrorism to help answer European citizens' concerns, and in order to focus on the issues related to the fight against terrorism at both EU and national levels. The committee's report of its
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

At a Glance - Report of the Special Committee on Terrorism - 05-12-2018

In 2017, the European Parliament established a Special Committee on Terrorism to help answer European citizens' concerns, and in order to focus on the issues related to the fight against terrorism at both EU and national levels. The committee's report of its findings and recommendations, to be debated during the December plenary session, assesses possible legislative and practical actions against terrorism in the EU and provides several recommendations, in particular on cooperation and exchange of information. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

At a Glance - Revising the statutes of three decentralised EU agencies: EU-OSHA, Cedefop and Eurofound - 05-12-2018

The European Commission has proposed a revision of the founding regulations of three decentralised agencies (Cedefop, Eurofound and EU-OSHA) in order to update their objectives and tasks, and to define more precisely their roles in supporting the EU instituti
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

At a Glance - Revising the statutes of three decentralised EU agencies: EU-OSHA, Cedefop and Eurofound - 05-12-2018

The European Commission has proposed a revision of the founding regulations of three decentralised agencies (Cedefop, Eurofound and EU-OSHA) in order to update their objectives and tasks, and to define more precisely their roles in supporting the EU institutions and bodies, the Member States, and the social partners, as well as those involved in shaping and implementing policies at European and national levels in their respective policy areas. The agreed texts of the proposals, reached after extensive interinstitutional negotiations, now need to be confirmed in votes expected to take place during the December plenary session. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

At a Glance - Transparency of EU risk assessment in food chain - 05-12-2018

Following controversies surrounding the authorisation and renewal of certain sensitive products, such as active substances in plant protection products (glyphosate, neonicotinoids) and genetically modified organisms (GMOs), the European Commission proposed t
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

At a Glance - Transparency of EU risk assessment in food chain - 05-12-2018

Following controversies surrounding the authorisation and renewal of certain sensitive products, such as active substances in plant protection products (glyphosate, neonicotinoids) and genetically modified organisms (GMOs), the European Commission proposed to revise the transparency rules in these policy areas. The European Parliament is expected to vote during its December plenary session on the report of the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) Committee, and on a mandate to start interinstitutional negotiations. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

At a Glance - Amending Budget No 6 to the 2018 EU budget: Reduction of payment and commitment appropriations in line with updated forecasts of expenditure and update of revenue (own resources) - 05-12-2018

Draft Amending Budget No 6/2018 (DAB 6/2018) aims at updating both the revenue and expenditure sides of the EU’s 2018 budget to cover more recent economic forecasts. This budgetary proposal is scheduled to be voted during the December plenary session. S
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

At a Glance - Amending Budget No 6 to the 2018 EU budget: Reduction of payment and commitment appropriations in line with updated forecasts of expenditure and update of revenue (own resources) - 05-12-2018

Draft Amending Budget No 6/2018 (DAB 6/2018) aims at updating both the revenue and expenditure sides of the EU’s 2018 budget to cover more recent economic forecasts. This budgetary proposal is scheduled to be voted during the December plenary session. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

At a Glance - The 2018 Sakharov Prize - 05-12-2018

Thirty years since it was first awarded, the European Parliament’s Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought retains all its symbolic meaning, as human rights continue to be embattled in many parts of the world. The courage of those who stand up for them theref
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

At a Glance - The 2018 Sakharov Prize - 05-12-2018

Thirty years since it was first awarded, the European Parliament’s Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought retains all its symbolic meaning, as human rights continue to be embattled in many parts of the world. The courage of those who stand up for them therefore deserves to be widely recognised. By awarding the 2018 Prize to the Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov – who is currently an inmate in a penal colony in Siberia – Parliament aims to increase the pressure on Russia to release Sentsov. At the same time, the award also draws attention to the struggle of all Ukrainian political prisoners currently behind bars in Russia and the annexed Crimean peninsula. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

George H.W. Bush funeral: Former president remembered for integrity, service

President Trump and the four living former U.S. presidents were among those in attendance at Washington National Cathedral for the service.
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George H.W. Bush funeral: Former president remembered for integrity, service

President Trump and the four living former U.S. presidents were among those in attendance at Washington National Cathedral for the service.

Don’t condemn white nationalists, Veterans Affairs’ diversity chief was told after Charlottesville, emails show

After President Trump’s controversial reaction to the deadly violence, VA leaders had a tense exchange over how the agency should respond.
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Don’t condemn white nationalists, Veterans Affairs’ diversity chief was told after Charlottesville, emails show

After President Trump’s controversial reaction to the deadly violence, VA leaders had a tense exchange over how the agency should respond.

Saudi-funded lobbyist paid for 500 rooms at Trump’s hotel after 2016 election

Those bookings have fueled a pair of federal lawsuits alleging Trump violated the Constitution by taking improper payments from foreign governments.
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Saudi-funded lobbyist paid for 500 rooms at Trump’s hotel after 2016 election

Those bookings have fueled a pair of federal lawsuits alleging Trump violated the Constitution by taking improper payments from foreign governments.

EU Fact Sheets - Road traffic and safety provisions - 01-02-2018

The EU has set itself the goal of creating a European road safety area in the decade spanning 2010-2020. Competence in this field is principally national. The EU is therefore focusing its measures on vehicle conditions, the transport of dangerous goods and t
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

EU Fact Sheets - Road traffic and safety provisions - 01-02-2018

The EU has set itself the goal of creating a European road safety area in the decade spanning 2010-2020. Competence in this field is principally national. The EU is therefore focusing its measures on vehicle conditions, the transport of dangerous goods and the safety of road networks. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP

EU Fact Sheets - Road transport: harmonisation of legislation - 01-02-2018

It is impossible to create a single European market for road transport without harmonising the relevant legal provisions in force in the Member States. The measures adopted by the EU are of a fiscal, technical, administrative and social nature. Source :
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

EU Fact Sheets - Road transport: harmonisation of legislation - 01-02-2018

It is impossible to create a single European market for road transport without harmonising the relevant legal provisions in force in the Member States. The measures adopted by the EU are of a fiscal, technical, administrative and social nature. Source : © European Union, 2018 - EP